The Great Young Offenders Act Debate

Index to Criminal and Quasi-Criminal Offences
Criminal Code of Canada 
and Provincial Offences in Ontario

Return to February 2000 Debate

Key to Canadian sentencing Commission guidelines:
IN - Presumption that custody will be imposed for adults
QI - Custody for adults unless minor incident and no record
QO - No custody for adults unless serious incident and record
OUT - Presumption of non-custodial sentence 

Note: Some of these offences have been abolished (eg. rape) or modified to adjust for  inflation.  (eg. theft under $5000)

Section No. Offence Canadian Sentencing
Commission Guide
     
281 ABDUCTION OF CHILD UNDER 14 QO
287(1) ABORTION QO
97(3) ACQUIRE FIREARM WITHOUT CERTIFICATE QO
268(2) AGGRAVATED ASSAULT IN
273(2) AGGRAVATED SEXUAL ASSAULT IN
  AIRPORT TRAFFIC OFFENCES  
433(1) ARSON IN
266 ASSAULT OUT
267(1)(b) ASSAULT CAUSING BODILY HARM QI
267(1)(a) ASSAULT WITH A WEAPON QI
270(2) ASSAULTING A PEACE OFFICER QO
  ATTEMPT RAPE  
463/344 ATTEMPT ROBBERY  
463/334 ATTEMPT THEFT  
463 ATTEMPTS, ACCESSORIES  
239 ATTEMT MURDER IN
160 BEASTIALITY QO
145(1)(b) BEING UNLAWFULLY AT LARGE IN
349(1) BEING UNLAWFULLY IN A DWELLING HOUSE QO
348/463 BREAK & ENTER A DWELLING HOUSE ATTEMPT QI
348(1)(b) BREAK & ENTER DWELLING HOUSE & I OFFENCE QI
348(1)(a) BREAK & ENTER DWELLING HOUSE WITH INTENT QI
348(1)(b) BREAK & ENTER NON-DWEL HOUSE & I OFFENCE QO
348(1)(a) BREAK & ENTER NON-DWEL HOUSE WITH INTENT QO
086(2) CARELESS USE OF FIREARM QO
89 CARRYING CONCEALED WEAPON QO
089 CARRYING CONCEALED WEAPON QO
175(1) CAUSE A DISTURBANCE OUT
221 CAUSING BODILY HARM BY CRIMINAL NEG. IN
465 CONSPIRACY  
009 CONTEMPT IN THE FACE OF THE COURT QO
220 CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE CAUSING DEATH IN
  CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE IN OPER. OF MOT. VEH  
249(2) DANGEROUS DRIVING (OPERATION) QO
249(3) DANGEROUS OPERATION CAUSING BODILY HARM IN
249(4) DANGEROUS OPERATION CAUSING DEATH IN
244 DISCHARGE OF FIREARM, WITH INTENT IN
351(2) DISGUISE W/INTENT (BEING MASKED) QO
CAIA2(1)(a) DRIVE WITH NO INSURANCE  
145(1)(a) ESCAPE CUSTODY IN
253(b) EXCESS BLOOD ALCOHOL QO
346(1) EXTORTION IN
POA 75(d) FAIL TO COMPLY PROB'N (PROV. OFFENCES)  
145 FAILURE TO APPEAR, BREACH OF RECOG. ETC. QO
254(5) FAILURE TO PROVIDE BREATHALYZER SAMPLE QO
252(1) FAILURE TO STOP AT SCENE OF AN ACCIDENT QO
437 FALSE ALARM OF FIRE  
AirCarrS 23 FALSE DECL'N WEAPON ETC. AIR CARRIER Reg  
372(1) FALSE MESSAGES OU
362(2)(a) FALSE PRETENCES OVER $200 (OR $1000) QO
362(2)(b) FALSE PRETENCES UNDER $200 (OR $1000) OUT
279(2) FORCIBLE CONFINEMENT IN
367(1) FORGERY QO
380(1)(a) FRAUD OVER $200 (OR $1000) QO
380(1)(b) FRAUD UNDER $200 (OR $1000) OUT
057(2) FRAUDULENTLY PROCURING PASSPORT QO
  GAME AND FISH ACT  
136(1) GIVE CONTRADICTORY EVIDENCE IN
  GROSS INDECENCY OUT
  HABITUALLY ABSENT FROM SCHOOL  
  HIGHWAY TRAFFIC ACT OFFENCES  
253(a) IMPAIRED DRIVING (OPERATION) QO
NCA 5(1) IMPORTING OR EXPORTING NARCOTIC IN
155 INCEST IN
173 INDECENT ACT OUT
  INDECENT ASSAULT ON FEMALE  
372(2)or(3) INDECENT/HARASSING TELEPHONE CALLS OUT
423 INTIMIDATION  
LLA s.45(4) INTOXICATED IN PUBLIC PLACE  
152 INVITATION TO SEXUAL TOUCHING  
279 KIDNAPPING IN
445(a) KILL/INJURE ANIMAL  
236 MANSLAUGHTER IN
  MINOR CONSUME ALCOHOL  
430(2) MISCHIEF ENDANGERING LIFE IN
430(4) MISCHIEF RE OTHER PROPERTY (UNDER $1000) OUT
430(3) MISCHIEF-PUBLIC PROPERTY (OR OVER $1000) QO
235(1) MURDER  
129 OBSTRUCT A PEACE OFFICER QO
139(2) OBSTRUCT JUSTICE QO
132 PERJURY IN
403 PERSONATION QO
086(1) POINT FIREARM QO
  POS'N FOR PURPOSE - RESTRICTED DRUG IN
082 POSSESSING EXPLOSIVE QO
100(12) POSSESSION OF A FIREARM WHILE PROHIBITED QI
090(1) POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED WEAPON QO
091(1) POSSESSION OF A RESTRICTED WEAPON QO
087 POSSESSION OF A WEAPON DANGEROUS QO
351(1) POSSESSION OF HOUSEBREAKING INSTRUMENTS QO
  POSSESSION OF NARCOTIC - CANNABIS SATIVA OUT
FDA s.47(1) POSSESSION OF RESTRICTED DRUG  
355(a) POSSESSION OVER $200 (OR $1000) QO
355(b) POSSESSION UNDER $200 ($1000) OUT
  POSS'N FOR PURPOSE - CANNABIS SATIVA IN
352 POSS'N OF COINBOX BREAKING INSTRUMENTS  
144 PRISON BREACH IN
212(1) PROCURING TO HAVE ILLICIT SEX INTERCOURS OUT
140 PUBLIC MISCHIEF QO
  RAPE  
Aero s.7 REGULATION UNDER AERONAUTICS ACT  
344 ROBBERY (ARMED) IN
344 ROBBERY WITH VIOLENCE IN
344 ROBBERY: ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO STEAL IN
  ROBBERY: CONSPIRACY  
434 SETTING FIRE TO OTHER SUBSTANCE QO
271(1) SEXUAL ASSAULT IN
272(c) SEXUAL ASSAULT CAUSING BODILY HARM IN
272(a) SEXUAL ASSAULT WITH A WEAPON IN
272(d) SEXUAL ASSAULT: PARTIES IN
272(b) SEXUAL ASSAULT:THIRD PARTY THREATS IN
  SEXUAL INTERCOURSE W/STEP-D OR EMPLOYEE  
153(1) SEXUAL INTERCOURSE WITH FEMALE UNDER 14 IN
151 SEXUAL INTERFERENCE  
335 TAKE AUTO WITHOUT OWNER'S CONSENT OUT
065 TAKING PART IN A RIOT QO
356(1)(a) THEFT FROM MAIL QO
326(1)334(b THEFT OF ELECTRICITY,GAS,TELECOMMUNICATN OUT
334(a) THEFT OVER $200 (OR $1000) QO
334(b) THEFT UNDER $200 (OR $1000) OUT
342 THEFT,USE,FORGERY OF CREDIT CARD OUT
264.1(1)(bc THREATENING DAMAGE TO PRPERTY OR ANIMAL OUT
264.1(1)(a) THREATENING DEATH OR BODILY HARM QO
  TORONTO AREA TRANSIT ACT  
  TRAFFICKING - CANNABIS SATIVA IN
  TRAFFICKING - HEROIN IN
NCA 4(2) TRAFFICKING - HEROIN, OPIUM POPPY IN
  TRAFFICKING - SUBSTANCE HELD OUT AS NARC IN
  TRAFFICKING IN RESTRICTED DRUG IN
393(3) TRANSPORTATION FRAUD  
177 TRESPASS AT NIGHT OUT
  TRESPASS TO PROPERTY  
145(1)(b) UNLAWFULLY AT LARGE  
269 UNLAWFULLY CAUSING BODILY HARM QI
085(1) USE OF FIREARM DURING AN OFFENCE IN
452(a) UTTERING COUNTERFEIT MONEY IN
368(1) UTTERING, USING A FORGERY QO
430(5.1) WILFUL ACT OR OMISSION-LIKELY MISCHIEF QO
Y.O.A.s.26 WILFUL FAILURE TO COMPLY W/DISPOSITION  
  WILFULL DAMAGE UNDER $50  
436(1)(a) WILFULLY CAUSING A FIRE QO