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Young persons, youth, or juveniles are defined differently in different jurisdictions. Most jurisdictions have special laws, procedures, and rights for the benefit of young persons having to do with their special needs. Some jurisdictions employ a child protection model (Canada's old Juvenile Delinquents Act) to youth justice and others apply a criminal justice model (Canada's Young Offenders Act and Youth Criminal Justice Act).  



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Alberta                                                      Edit this Entry                     Cases for this Alberta paragraph

In criminal law matters age levels are the same as for all of Canada.


Canada                                                      Edit this Entry                     Cases for this Canada paragraph

In Canada a "young person" is defined in the Youth Criminal Justice Act:

"young person" «adolescent »

"young person" means a person who is or, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, appears to be twelve years old or older, but less than eighteen years old and, if the context requires, includes any person who is charged under this Act with having committed an offence while he or she was a young person or who is found guilty of an offence under this Act.

Other YCJA definitions include: "adult" «adulte »

"adult" means a person who is neither a young person nor a child.

"child" «enfant »

"child" means a person who is or, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, appears to be less than twelve years old.


Maine                                                      Edit this Entry                     Cases for this Maine paragraph



Ontario                                                      Edit this Entry                     Cases for this Ontario paragraph

In Ontario a 12 year old to 17 year old is a young person as defined by the Youth Criminal Justice Act.



See also: youth

See also: juvenile convictions

Links to legislation in International Referral Database:

British Columbia : Automatic suspension on conviction

British Columbia : Automatic 12 month prtohibition

Missouri : Missouri Code Definitions

New York : Suspension, Revocation, and Reissuance of Licenses and Registrations

New York : Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation Program

New York : Penalties and Sanctions

New York : Arrest and Testing

Ontario : Inadmissibility to Canada for Criminal Conviction

Breath Instruments Links

Breath and Blood Departments and Standards Links


Criminal Law: Words, Concepts, Issues, Terminology, and Ideas

Criminal Law: youth Information For Expression and Peer Review by Law Students, Articled Clerks, and Students-at-Law

Constructive Peer Review is Encouraged By and Among Judges, Lawyers, and Forensic Scientists and Technologists- Click an Add, Edit, or Update Link to Participate

This Criminal Law youth page is for expression by students of law and forensic science in understanding and peer reviewing important Criminal Law: youth concepts, words, issues, and ideas. This site is not intended to provide Criminal legal advice to the public. Members of the public with Criminal law questions should consult and retain a Criminal lawyer or attorney for proper legal advice. Because this youth information comes from many sources who may not be Criminal law lawyers or attorneys and because this site does NOT contain solicitor-to-client personalized advice it would be unsafe to rely upon this youth information. This database was developed by Stephen R. Biss, Barrister & Solicitor, who practices law in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.


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For more information respecting this database or to report misuse contact: Allbiss Lawdata Ltd., 303-470 Hensall Circle, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, L5A 3V4. The author and the participants make no representation or warranty  whatsoever as to the authenticity and reliability of the information contained herein. Advertisement. The participants do not practice in association. WARNING: All information contained herein is provided by students of the law for the purpose of discussion and peer review only and should not be construed as formal legal advice. The authors disclaim any and all liability resulting from reliance upon such information. You are strongly encouraged to seek professional legal advice before relying upon any of the information contained herein. Legal advice should be sought directly from a properly retained lawyer or attorney.

Intoxilyzer®  is a registered trademark of CMI, Inc. The Intoxilyzer® 5000C is an "approved instrument" in Canada.
Breathalyzer® is a registered trademark of Draeger Safety, Inc., Breathalyzer Division. The owner of the trademark is Robert F. Borkenstein and Draeger Safety, Inc. has leased the exclusive rights of use from him. The Breathalyzer® 900 and Breathalyzer® 900A are "approved instruments" in Canada.
Alcotest® is a registered trademark of Draeger Safety, Inc. The Alcotest® 7410 GLC is an "approved screening device" in Canada.
Datamaster®  is a registered trademark of National Patent Analytical Systems, Inc.  The BAC Datamaster® C  is an "approved instrument" in Canada.


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