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Young persons, youth, or juveniles are defined differently in different jurisdictions. Most jurisdictions have special laws, procedures, and rights for the benefit of young persons having to do with their special needs. Some jurisdictions employ a child protection model (Canada's old Juvenile Delinquents Act) to youth justice and others apply a criminal justice model (Canada's Young Offenders Act and Youth Criminal Justice Act).
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Alberta Edit this Entry Cases for this Alberta paragraph
In criminal law matters age levels are the same as for all of Canada.
Canada Edit this Entry Cases for this Canada paragraph
In Canada a "young person" is defined in the Youth Criminal Justice Act:
"young person" «adolescent »
"young person" means a person who is or, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, appears to be twelve years old or older, but less than eighteen years old and, if the context requires, includes any person who is charged under this Act with having committed an offence while he or she was a young person or who is found guilty of an offence under this Act.
Other YCJA definitions include: "adult" «adulte »
"adult" means a person who is neither a young person nor a child.
"child" «enfant »
"child" means a person who is or, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, appears to be less than twelve years old.
Maine Edit this Entry Cases for this Maine paragraph
Ontario Edit this Entry Cases for this Ontario paragraph
In Ontario a 12 year old to 17 year old is a young person as defined by the Youth Criminal Justice Act.
See also: youth
See also: juvenile convictions
Links to legislation in International Referral Database:
British Columbia : Automatic suspension on conviction
British Columbia : Automatic 12 month prtohibition
Missouri : Missouri Code Definitions
New York : Suspension, Revocation, and Reissuance of Licenses and Registrations
New York : Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation Program
New York : Penalties and Sanctions
New York : Arrest and Testing
Ontario : Inadmissibility to Canada for Criminal Conviction
Breath Instruments Links
Breath and Blood Departments and Standards Links
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This Criminal Law youth page is for expression by students of law and forensic science in understanding and peer reviewing important Criminal Law: youth concepts, words, issues, and ideas. This site is not intended to provide Criminal legal advice to the public. Members of the public with Criminal law questions should consult and retain a Criminal lawyer or attorney for proper legal advice. Because this youth information comes from many sources who may not be Criminal law lawyers or attorneys and because this site does NOT contain solicitor-to-client personalized advice it would be unsafe to rely upon this youth information. This database was developed by Stephen R. Biss, Barrister & Solicitor, who practices law in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
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