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DUI, DWI & Criminal Legislation in Arizona  

28-1321. Implied consent; tests; refusal to submit to test; order of suspension; hearing; review; temporary permit; notification of suspension , section: 28-1321

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Refusal Offense/Presumption, Arizona DUI Implied Consent Statute

28-1321. Implied consent; tests; refusal to submit to test; order of suspension; hearing; review; temporary permit; notification of suspension A. A person who operates a motor vehicle in this state gives consent, subject to section 4-244, paragraph 33 or section 28-1381, 28-1382 or 28-1383, to a test or tests of the person's blood, breath, urine or other bodily substance for the purpose of determining alcohol concentration or drug content if the person is arrested for any offense arising out of acts alleged to have been committed in violation of this chapter or section 4-244, paragraph 33 while the person was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs. The test or tests chosen by the law enforcement agency shall be administered at the direction of a law enforcement officer having reasonable grounds to believe that the person was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state either: 1. While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs. 2. If the person is under twenty-one years of age, with spirituous liquor in the person's body. B. After an arrest a violator shall be requested to submit to and successfully complete any test or tests prescribed by subsection A of this section, and if the violator refuses the violator shall be informed that the violator's license or permit to drive will be suspended or denied for twelve months, or for two years for a second or subsequent refusal within a period of sixty months, unless the violator expressly agrees to submit to and successfully completes the test or tests. A failure to expressly agree to the test or successfully complete the test is deemed a refusal. The violator shall also be informed that if the test results show a blood or breath alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more, or if the results show a blood or breath alcohol concentration of 0.04 or more and the violator was driving or in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle, the violator's license or permit to drive will be suspended or denied for not less than ninety consecutive days. C. A person who is dead, unconscious or otherwise in a condition rendering the person incapable of refusal is deemed not to have withdrawn the consent provided by subsection A of this section and the test or tests may be administered, subject to section 4-244, paragraph 33 or section 28-1381, 28-1382 or 28-1383. D. If a person under arrest refuses to submit to the test designated by the law enforcement agency as provided in subsection A of this section: 1. The test shall not be given, except as provided in section 28-1388, subsection E or pursuant to a search warrant. 2. The law enforcement officer directing the administration of the test shall: (a) File a certified report of the refusal with the department. (b) On behalf of the department, serve an order of suspension on the person that is effective fifteen days after the date the order is served. (c) Require the immediate surrender of any license or permit to drive that is issued by this state and that is in the possession or control of the person. (d) If the license or permit is not surrendered, state the reason why it is not surrendered. (e) If a valid license or permit is surrendered, issue a temporary driving permit that is valid for fifteen days. (f) Forward the certified report of refusal, a copy of the completed notice of suspension, a copy of any completed temporary permit and any driver license or permit taken into possession under this section to the department within five days after the issuance of the notice of suspension. E. The certified report is subject to the penalty for perjury as prescribed by section 28-1561 and shall state all of the following: 1. The officer's reasonable grounds to believe that the arrested person was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state either: (a) While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs. (b) If the person is under twenty-one years of age, with spirituous liquor in the person's body. 2. The manner in which the person refused to submit to the test or tests. 3. That the person was advised of the consequences of refusal. F. On receipt of the certified report of refusal and a copy of the order of suspension and on the effective date stated on the order, the department shall enter the order of suspension on its records unless a written request for a hearing as provided in this section has been filed by the accused person. If the department receives only the certified report of refusal, the department shall notify the person named in the report in writing sent by mail that: 1. Fifteen days after the date of issuance of the notice the department will suspend the person's license or permit, driving privilege or nonresident driving privilege. 2. The department will provide an opportunity for a hearing if the person requests a hearing in writing and the request is received by the department within fifteen days after the notice is sent. G. The order of suspension issued by a law enforcement officer or the department under this section shall notify the person that: 1. The person may submit a written request for a hearing. 2. The request for a hearing must be received by the department within fifteen days after the date of the notice or the order of suspension will become final. 3. The affected person's license or permit to drive or right to apply for a license or permit or any nonresident operating privilege will be suspended for twelve months from that date or for two years from that date for a second or subsequent refusal within a period of sixty months. H. The order for suspension shall: 1. Be accompanied by printed forms that are ready to mail to the department and that may be filled out and signed by the person to indicate the person's desire for a hearing. 2. Advise the person that unless the person has surrendered any driver license or permit issued by this state the person's hearing request will not be accepted, except that the person may certify pursuant to section 28-3170 that the license or permit is lost or destroyed. I. On the receipt of a request for a hearing, the department shall set the hearing within thirty days in the county in which the person named in the report resides unless the law enforcement agency filing the certified report of refusal pursuant to subsection D of this section requests at the time of its filing that the hearing be held in the county where the refusal occurred. J. A timely request for a hearing stays the suspension until a hearing is held, except that the department shall not return any surrendered license or permit to the person but may issue temporary permits to drive that expire no later than when the department has made its final decision. If the person is a resident without a license or permit or has an expired license or permit, the department may allow the person to apply for a license or permit. If the department determines the person is otherwise entitled to the license or permit, the department shall issue and retain a license or permit subject to this section. K. Hearings requested under this section shall be conducted in the same manner and under the same conditions as provided in section 28-3306. For the purposes of this section, the scope of the hearing shall include only the issues of whether: 1. A law enforcement officer had reasonable grounds to believe that the person was driving or was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state either: (a) While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs. (b) If the person is under twenty-one years of age, with spirituous liquor in the person's body. 2. The person was placed under arrest. 3. The person refused to submit to the test. 4. The person was informed of the consequences of refusal. L. If the department determines at the hearing to suspend the affected person's privilege to operate a motor vehicle, the suspension provided in this section is effective fifteen days after giving written notice of the suspension, except that the department may issue or extend a temporary license that expires on the effective date of the suspension. If the person is a resident without a license or permit or has an expired license or permit to operate a motor vehicle in this state, the department shall deny to the person the issuance of a license or permit for a period of twelve months after the order of suspension becomes effective or for a period of two years after the order of suspension becomes effective for a second or subsequent refusal within a period of sixty months. M. If the suspension order is sustained after the hearing, a motion for rehearing is not required. Within thirty days after a suspension order is sustained, the affected person may file a petition in the superior court to review the final order of suspension or denial by the department in the same manner provided in section 28-3317. The court shall hear the review of the final order of suspension or denial on an expedited basis. N. If the suspension or determination that there should be a denial of issuance is not sustained, the ruling is not admissible in and has no effect on any administrative, civil or criminal court proceeding. O. If it has been determined under the procedures of this section that a nonresident's privilege to operate a motor vehicle in this state has been suspended, the department shall give information in writing of the action taken to the motor vehicle administrator of the state of the person's residence and of any state in which the person has a license.

Comments : When you are stopped for a DUI in Arizona, you must either submit to a body alcohol sample or face the revocation of your license. As a practical matter, if you refuse to submit, you will face license revocation, and the officer will usually seek a search warrant to forcefully take a blood sample from you if necessary. In my experience, refusing can sometimes provide a hidden benefit as the BAC sample may end up being extracted more than 2 hours following driving. Because of this, the State will have to provide an expert witness who will guesstimate what the BAC would have been within 2 hours of driving. Overall, it makes sense to agree to take the chemical test. However, there are always exceptions. The smartest thing you can do if arrested for DUI in Arizona is to ask to speak with a lawyer before agreeing to do any tests whatsoever.

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