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Missouri Code Definitions , section: 556.061

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DUI Procedure/Evidence, Missouri Code Definitions

In this code, unless the context requires a different definition, the following shall apply:

(1) "Affirmative defense" has the meaning specified in section 556.056;

(2) "Burden of injecting the issue" has the meaning specified in section 556.051;

(3) "Commercial film and photographic print processor", any person who develops exposed photographic film into negatives, slides or prints, or who makes prints from negatives or slides, for compensation. The term commercial film and photographic print processor shall include all employees of such persons but shall not include a person who develops film or makes prints for a public agency;

(4) "Confinement":

(a) A person is in confinement when such person is held in a place of confinement pursuant to arrest or order of a court, and remains in confinement until:

a. A court orders the person's release; or

b. The person is released on bail, bond, or recognizance, personal or otherwise; or

c. A public servant having the legal power and duty to confine the person authorizes his release without guard and without condition that he return to confinement;

(b) A person is not in confinement if:

a. The person is on probation or parole, temporary or otherwise; or

b. The person is under sentence to serve a term of confinement which is not continuous, or is serving a sentence under a work-release program, and in either such case is not being held in a place of confinement or is not being held under guard by a person having the legal power and duty to transport the person to or from a place of confinement;

(5) "Consent": consent or lack of consent may be expressed or implied. Assent does not constitute consent if:

(a) It is given by a person who lacks the mental capacity to authorize the conduct charged to constitute the offense and such mental incapacity is manifest or known to the actor; or

(b) It is given by a person who by reason of youth, mental disease or defect, or intoxication, is manifestly unable or known by the actor to be unable to make a reasonable judgment as to the nature or harmfulness of the conduct charged to constitute the offense; or

(c) It is induced by force, duress or deception;

(6) "Criminal negligence" has the meaning specified in section 562.016, RSMo;

(7) "Custody", a person is in custody when the person has been arrested but has not been delivered to a place of confinement;

(8) "Dangerous felony" means the felonies of arson in the first degree, assault in the first degree, attempted forcible rape if physical injury results, attempted forcible sodomy if physical injury results, forcible rape, forcible sodomy, kidnaping, murder in the second degree, assault of a law enforcement officer in the first degree, domestic assault in the first degree, elder abuse in the first degree, robbery in the first degree, statutory rape in the first degree when the victim is a child less than twelve years of age at the time of the commission of the act giving rise to the offense, statutory sodomy in the first degree when the victim is a child less than twelve years of age at the time of the commission of the act giving rise to the offense, and abuse of a child pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection 3 of section 568.060, RSMo;

(9) "Dangerous instrument" means any instrument, article or substance, which, under the circumstances in which it is used, is readily capable of causing death or other serious physical injury;

(10) "Deadly weapon" means any firearm, loaded or unloaded, or any weapon from which a shot, readily capable of producing death or serious physical injury, may be discharged, or a switchblade knife, dagger, billy, blackjack or metal knuckles;

(11) "Felony" has the meaning specified in section 556.016;

(12) "Forcible compulsion" means either:

(a) Physical force that overcomes reasonable resistance; or

(b) A threat, express or implied, that places a person in reasonable fear of death, serious physical injury or kidnapping of such person or another person;

(13) "Incapacitated" means that physical or mental condition, temporary or permanent, in which a person is unconscious, unable to appraise the nature of such person's conduct, or unable to communicate unwillingness to an act. A person is not incapacitated with respect to an act committed upon such person if he or she became unconscious, unable to appraise the nature of such person's conduct or unable to communicate unwillingness to an act, after consenting to the act;

(14) "Infraction" has the meaning specified in section 556.021;

(15) "Inhabitable structure" has the meaning specified in section 569.010, RSMo;

(16) "Knowingly" has the meaning specified in section 562.016, RSMo;

(17) "Law enforcement officer" means any public servant having both the power and duty to make arrests for violations of the laws of this state, and federal law enforcement officers authorized to carry firearms and to make arrests for violations of the laws of the United States;

(18) "Misdemeanor" has the meaning specified in section 556.016;

(19) "Offense" means any felony, misdemeanor or infraction;

(20) "Physical injury" means physical pain, illness, or any impairment of physical condition;

(21) "Place of confinement" means any building or facility and the grounds thereof wherein a court is legally authorized to order that a person charged with or convicted of a crime be held;

(22) "Possess" or "possessed" means having actual or constructive possession of an object with knowledge of its presence. A person has actual possession if such person has the object on his or her person or within easy reach and convenient control. A person has constructive possession if such person has the power and the intention at a given time to exercise dominion or control over the object either directly or through another person or persons. Possession may also be sole or joint. If one person alone has possession of an object, possession is sole. If two or more persons share possession of an object, possession is joint;

(23) "Public servant" means any person employed in any way by a government of this state who is compensated by the government by reason of such person's employment, any person appointed to a position with any government of this state, or any person elected to a position with any government of this state. It includes, but is not limited to, legislators, jurors, members of the judiciary and law enforcement officers. It does not include witnesses;

(24) "Purposely" has the meaning specified in section 562.016, RSMo;

(25) "Recklessly" has the meaning specified in section 562.016, RSMo;

(26) "Ritual" or "ceremony" means an act or series of acts performed by two or more persons as part of an established or prescribed pattern of activity;

(27) "Serious emotional injury", an injury that creates a substantial risk of temporary or permanent medical or psychological damage, manifested by impairment of a behavioral, cognitive or physical condition. Serious emotional injury shall be established by testimony of qualified experts upon the reasonable expectation of probable harm to a reasonable degree of medical or psychological certainty;

(28) "Serious physical injury" means physical injury that creates a substantial risk of death or that causes serious disfigurement or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any part of the body;

(29) "Sexual conduct" means acts of human masturbation; deviate sexual intercourse; sexual intercourse; or physical contact with a person's clothed or unclothed genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or the breast of a female in an act of apparent sexual stimulation or gratification;

(30) "Sexual contact" means any touching of the genitals or anus of any person, or the breast of any female person, or any such touching through the clothing, for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire of any person;

(31) "Sexual performance", any performance, or part thereof, which includes sexual conduct by a child who is less than seventeen years of age;

(32) "Voluntary act" has the meaning specified in section 562.011, RSMo.



J. Matthew Guilfoil, The Guilfoil Law Group, L.L.C. 1656 Washington, Suite 220 Kansas City, Missouri 64108 (816) 842-3717 phone, 1-877-DWI-MATT Toll Free Number; Email: info@guilfoillawgroup.com.

Practice in the following Regions, Cities, and Counties in Missouri.


Cass County. Archie, Austin, Belton, Cleveland, East Lynne, Freeman, Garden City, Harrisonville, Lake Annette, Latour, Peculiar, Pleasant Hill, Raymore, Strasburg, West Line, 64012, 64078, 64080, 64083, 64090, 64701, 64725, 64734, 64743, 64746, 64747.

Clay County. Avondale, Birmingham, Claycomo, Crystal Lakes, Excelsior Estates, Excelsior Springs, Gladstone, Holt, Homestead Village, Kansas City, Kearney, Liberty, Mosby, North Kansas City, Pleasant Valley, Randolph, Smithville, Wood Heights. 64024, 64048, 64060, 64068, 64069, 64072, 64073, 64089, 64116, 64117, 64118, 64119, 64155, 64156, 64157, 64158, 64160, 64161, 64165, 64166, 64167.

Jackson County. Blues Springs, Buckner, Grain Valley, Grandview, Greenwood, Independence, Kansas City, Lake Lotawana, Lake Tapawingo, Lake Winnebago, Lee's Summit, Levasy, Lone Jack, Oak Grove, Raytown, Sibley, Sugar Creek. 64013, 64014, 64015, 64016, 64029, 64030, 64034, 64050, 64051, 64052, 64053, 64054, 64055, 64056, 64057, 64058, 64063, 64064, 64066, 64070, 64075, 64081, 64082, 64086, 64088, 64101, 64102, 64103, 64105, 64106, 64108, 64109, 64110, 64111, 64112, 64113, 64114, 64120, 64121, 64123, 64124, 64125, 64126, 64127, 64128, 64129, 64130, 64131, 64132, 64133, 64134, 64136, 64137, 64138, 64139, 64141, 64142, 64145, 64146, 64157, 64148, 64149, 64179, 64188, 64191, 64192, 64196, 64199, 64171, 64172.

Platte County. Camden Point, Dearborn, Farley, Edgerton, Ferrelview, Houston Lake, Kansas City, Lake Waukomis, Parkville, Platte City, Platte Woods, Riverside, Waldron, Weatherby Lake, Weston. 64018, 64028, 64079, 64092, 64098, 64108, 64150, 64151, 64152, 64153, 64154, 64163, 64164, 64168, 64190, 64195, 64439, 64444.

Ray County. Camden, Hardin, Henrietta, Elmira, Lawson, Orrick, Rayville, Richmond. 64017, 64035, 64036, 64062, 64077, 64084, 64085.

Other Areas of Service in Missouri

Andrew County. Rea, Rosendale, Savannah. 64480, 64483, 64485.

Bates County. Adrian, Amoret, Amsterdam, Butler, Drexel, Foster, Hume, Stotesbury, Passaic, Rich Hill, Rockville. 64720, 64722, 64723, 64730, 64742, 64745, 64752, 64777, 64779, 64780.

Boone County. Ashland, Centralia, Columbia, Hallsville, Harrisburg, Hartsburg, McBaine, Rocheport, Sturgeon. 65010, 65039, 65201, 65202, 65203, 65205, 65240, 65255, 65256, 65279, 65284.

Buchanan County. Agency, De Kalb, Easton, Faucett, Rushville, St. Joseph. 64400, 64401, 64443, 64448, 64484, 64501, 64502, 64503, 64504, 64505, 64506, 64507, 64508.

Caldwell County. Braymer, Breckenridge, Cowgill, Hamilton, Kidder, Kingston. 64624, 64625, 64637, 64644, 64649, 64650.

Carroll County. Bogard, Bosworth, Carrollton, De Witt, Hale, Norborne, Stet, Tina, Wakenda. 64622, 64623, 64633, 64639, 64643, 64668, 64680, 64682, 64687.

Chariton County. Mendon, Rothville, Sumner. 64660, 64676, 64681.

Clinton County. Cameron, Gower, Lathrop, Plattsburg, Trimble, Turney. 64429, 64454, 64465, 64477, 64492, 64493.

Cooper County. Blackwater, Boonville, Bunceton, Otterville, Pilot Grove, Prairie Home, Wooldridge. 65068, 65233, 65237.

Daviess County. Altamount, Coffey, Gallatin, Jameson, Jamesport, Lock Springs, Pattonsburg, Winston. 64620, 64636, 64640, 64647, 64648, 64654, 64670, 64689.

De Kalb County. Amity, Clarksdale, Fairport, Hemple, Maysville, Osborn, Stewartsville, Union Star, Weatherby. 64422, 64430, 64447, 64469, 64474, 64490, 64494, 64497.

Gentry County. Albany, Darlington, Gentry, King City, McFall, Stanberry. 64402, 64438, 64453, 64463, 64489, 64657.

Grundy County. Galt, Laredo, Spickard, Trenton. 64641, 64652, 64679, 64683.

Harrison County. Bethany, Blythedale, Brimson, Cainsville, Eagleville, Gilman City, Hatfield, Martinsville, Mount Moriah, New Hampton, Ridgeway. 64424, 64426, 64442, 64458, 64467, 64471, 64481, 64632, 64642.

Henry County. Blairstown, Calhoun, Clinton, Creighton, Deepwater, Montrose, Tightwad, Urich, Windsor. 64726, 64735, 64739, 64740, 64770, 64788, 65323, 65360.

Holt County. Bigelow, Corning, Craig, Fortescue. 64437.

Howard County. Armstrong, Fayette, Franklin, Glasgow, New Franklin. 65230, 65248, 65250, 65254, 65274.

Johnson County. Centerview, Holden, Warrensburg, Chilhowee, Kingsville, Leeton, Whiteman Air Force Base, Knob Noster. 64019, 64040, 64061, 64093, 64733, 64761, 65305, 65336.

Lafayette County. Alma, Bates City, Concordia, Corder, Dover, Higginsville, Lexington, Mayview, Napoleon, Odessa, Waverly, Wellington. 64001, 64011, 64020, 64021, 64022, 64037, 64067, 64071, 64074, 64076, 64096, 64097.

Linn County. Brookfield, Browning, Buckin, Laclede, Linneus, Marceline, Meadville, New Boston, Purdin, St. Catherine. 63557, 64628, 64630, 64631, 64653, 64658, 64659, 64674.

Livingston County. Avalon, Chillicothe, Chula, Dawn, Ludlow, Mooresville, Utica, Wheeling. 64601, 64635, 64638, 64656, 64664, 64686, 64688. Macon County. Anabel, Atlanta, Bevier, Callao, Elmer, Ethel, Excello, La Plata, Macon, New Cambria. 63431, 63530, 63532, 63534, 63538, 63539, 63549, 63552, 63558, 65247.

Mercer County. Mercer, Princeton. 64661, 64673.

Pettis County. Green Ridge, Houstonia, Hughesville, La Monte, Mora, Sedalia, Smithton. 65301, 65302, 65332, 65333, 65334, 65337, 65345, 65350.

Putnam County. Livonia, Lucerne, Powersville, Unionville, Worthington. 63551, 63565, 63567, 64655, 64672.

Saline County. Arrow Rock, Blackburn, Gilliam, Grand Pass, Malta Bend, Marshall, Napton, Miami, Nelson, Slater, Sweet Springs. 65320, 65321, 65330, 65339, 65340, 65344, 65347, 65349, 65351.

Sullivan County. Green Castle, Green City, Harris, Humphreys, Milan, Newton, Pollock, Winigan. 63544, 63545, 63556, 63560, 63566, 64645, 64646, 64667.

Worth County. Allendale, Denver, Grant City, Sheridan, Worth.



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