impaired driving, Impaired Driving, driving while impaired, impaired operation of a motor vehicle, impaired care or control

The words dwi, DWI, D.U.I, and "driving while intoxicated", are used by impaired driving lawyers and impaired driving attorneys in  United  States Impaired Driving Law. The expressions "DWI" and "DUI" are not found in the Criminal Code of Canada. Canadians use terminology such as "impaired driving", "impaired operation", or "impaired care or control" rather than than "DWI " or "driving while intoxicated". We use the words "impaired driving laws" or "impaired operation laws", or "impaired care or control laws" but not "driving while intoxicated laws". In Canadian law it is any impairment by alcohol or a drug of one's ability to operate a motor vehicle combined with operation that is forbidden, not "driving while intoxicated". 

The words "drive while intoxicated" in Canada implies that an individual is drunk beyond the point of self-control. Provincial legislation authorizes the arrest of intoxicated persons when there is an element of danger to themselves. Intoxication may be a defence to serious criminal offences where the drunkenness directly interferes with the individual's capacity to intend to do something. When it comes to impaired driving law law in Canada we don't use the words "drive while intoxicated" or D.W.I, DWI. Instead we focus on whether or not the person's ability to operate the motor vehicle is "impaired" by alcohol.

The Canadian impaired driving prohibited level of impairment may be slight. In R. v. Stellato, 78 C.C.C. (3d) 380, the issue was whether or not Canada's impaired driving offence required that the driver's conduct demonstrated a marked departure from that of a normal person. Chief Justice Lamer of the Supreme Court of Canada agreed with the views of Mr. Justice Labrosse for the Ontario Court of Appeal:

"At trial, the Crown's evidence consisted of the testimony of the arresting officer and the breathalyzer technician who had observed the classic signs of impairment: erratic driving, strong odour of alcoholic beverage, glassy and bloodshot eyes, slurred speech and unsteadiness on his feet. Both police officers had concluded that the appellant's ability to operate his vehicle was impaired by alcohol."

"In his reasons, the trial judge stated:

      The question then remains as to whether those observations are sufficient or indeed whether in law what the court requires, in order to convict someone of this offence, [is] a marked departure from the standard. In that regard I have always had reference to the case of R. v. Winlaw, that is a decision of the Ontario District Court, as it then was, and His Honour Judge Salhany, a case reported at 13 M.V.R. (2d) 112, 6 W.C.B. (2d) 251, a judgment rendered some two years ago, December, 1988. There, the learned judge went through the law, as was presented to him, with respect to the law of impaired driving and I take that case to stand for the proposition that the section involved here, namely, s. 253(a), creates an offence of being impaired, not markedly impaired, but simply impaired, and it does not require evidence of a marked departure from a norm or standard of sobriety; any kind of impairment, even slight, was sufficient to constitute the offence."

 "The expression ''marked departure from what is usually considered as the normal'' originated in the decision of the Alberta District Court in R. v. McKenzie (1955), 111 C.C.C. 317, 20 C.R. 412, 14 W.W.R. (N.S.) 500. This was an appeal from a conviction on a charge of driving while ability was impaired. At p. 319, Sissons C.J.D.C. stated:

      There appears to be no single test or observation of impairment of control of faculties, standing alone, which is sufficiently conclusive. There should be consideration of a combination of several tests and observations such as general conduct, smell of the breath, character of the speech, manner of walking, turning sharply, sitting down and rising, picking up objects, reaction of the pupils of the eyes, character of the breathing.

      If a combination of several tests and observations shows a marked departure from what is usually considered as the normal, it seems a reasonable conclusion that the driver is intoxicated with consequent impairment of control of faculties and therefore that his ability to drive is impaired.

      I do not think such a finding should be made on a slight variation from the normal."

...

"In R. v. Campbell (1991), 26 M.V.R. (2d) 319, 87 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 269, 12 W.C.B. (2d) 155, the Prince Edward Island Court of Appeal also considered the test for impairment. Without specific reference to McKenzie, Mitchell J.A., speaking for the court, rejected the requirement for a marked departure from normal behaviour. At p. 320, he wrote:

      The Criminal Code does not prescribe any special test for determining impairment. It is an issue of fact which the trial Judge must decide on the evidence. The standard of proof is neither more nor less than that required for any other element of a criminal offence. Before he can convict, a trial Judge must receive sufficient evidence to satisfy himself beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused's ability to operate a motor vehicle was impaired by alcohol.

      It is not an offence to drive a motor vehicle after having consumed some alcohol as long as it has not impaired the ability to drive. However, a person who drives while his or her ability to do so is impaired by alcohol is guilty of an offence regardless of whether his ability to drive is greatly or only slightly impaired. Courts must therefore take care when determining the issue not to apply tests which assume or imply a tolerance that does not exist in law. Trial judges constantly have to keep in mind that it is an offence to operate a motor vehicle while the ability to do so is impaired by alcohol. If there is sufficient evidence before the Court to prove that the accused's ability to drive was even slightly impaired by alcohol, the Judge must find him guilty."

...

"I agree with Mitchell J.A. in Campbell that the Criminal Code does not prescribe any special test for determining impairment. In the words of Mitchell J.A., impairment is an issue of fact which the trial judge must decide on the evidence and the standard of proof is neither more nor less than that required for any other element of a criminal offence: courts should not apply tests which imply a tolerance that does not exist in law.

In all criminal cases the trial judge must be satisfied as to the accused's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt before a conviction can be registered. Accordingly, before convicting an accused of impaired driving, the trial judge must be satisfied that the accused's ability to operate a motor vehicle was impaired by alcohol or a drug. If the evidence of impairment is so frail as to leave the trial judge with a reasonable doubt as to impairment, the accused must be acquitted. If the evidence of impairment establishes any degree of impairment ranging from slight to great, the offence has been made out.

In the present case, the trial judge applied the correct test for impairment. There was sufficient evidence adduced at trial from which he could find that the Crown had proved, beyond a reasonable doubt, that the appellant's ability to operate a motor vehicle was impaired by alcohol at the material time."

 

It is also a "DWI" criminal offence in Canada to drive having more than 80 milligrams of alcohol per 100 mls of blood whether one's ability to drive is "influenced"  or not . 

Canada has two main substantive DWI law criminal offences:

  1. impaired driving, impaired operation, or impaired care or control,
  2. over 80 operation or care or control

Section 253. Every one commits an offence who operates a motor vehicle or vessel or operates or assists in the operation of an aircraft or of railway equipment or has the care or control of a motor vehicle, vessel, aircraft or railway equipment, whether it is in motion or not,

(a) while the person's ability to operate the vehicle, vessel, aircraft or railway equipment is impaired by alcohol or a drug; or

(b) having consumed alcohol in such a quantity that the concentration in the person's blood exceeds eighty milligrams of alcohol in one hundred millilitres of blood.

Impaired operation or impaired care or control in Canada includes operation or care or control of a motor vehicle, vessel, or aircraft while one's ability to operate is impaired by alcohol or a drug to any degree of impairment. This impaired driving offence is proven by evidence of bad driving and various indicia of impairment observed such as slurred speech, difficulty with standing walking turning, red glassy glossy bloodshot eyes, dilated pupils, odor odour of an alcoholic beverage, complexion flushed face, and performance on physical tests.

The DWI offence of excess blood alcohol or over 80 is usually proven by breath tests that determine blood alcohol concentration using and approved instrument such as a Breathalyzer 900 900A or Intoxilyzer 5000C. Blood tests are used in impaired driving and over 80 cases where breath tests are not practical to provide evidence of blood alcohol concentration.

Both Canadian impaired driving laws are federal criminal law offences. The Crown in Canada can prosecute an impaired operation in either of two ways. Impaired driving and over 80 offences are hybrid offences in Canada. The Crown may prosecute an impaired driving related offence by indictment (roughly similar to a US felony impaired driving) or they may prosecute an impaired driving related offence by summary conviction (roughly similar to a US misdemeanor). The local Crown Attorney must elect whether to proceed with the impaired driving offence by indictment or by summary conviction. Until he or she elects, the impaired driving offence is deemed to be prosecuted by indictment. Most Canadian impaired driving offences are prosecuted by summary conviction.

The usual penalty for a first impaired driving offence in Canada is a fine. The minimum second impaired driving offence penalty is 30 days in jail. The minimum penalty for a third impaired driving is 120 days in jail. There is always an impaired driving prohibition and the local province will suspend an impaired driver's driver's licence.

If a US citizen or other non-Canadian citizen is convicted of an impaired driving related offence in the USA or an impaired driving offence in any country other than Canada, the impaired operation offender will be inadmissible to Canada on grounds of criminality, unless rehabilitated, because the impaired driving offence is deemed to be a Canadian impaired driving offence and all Canadian impaired driving offences are deemed indictable (similar to a US felony - see above) unless the Crown has elected to proceed with the impaired driving offence by summary conviction (which will never have happened because the impaired driving offense occurred outside Canada. The situation will be different if the impaired driving offence occurs in Canada and the Crown elects to proceed by summary conviction which they normally do.

If you are charged with impaired driving in Canada your situation is not hopeless. An experienced impaired driving lawyer or impaired driving attorney can challenge the Crown's case in many ways. Although a conviction for impaired driving may automatically result in a criminal conviction, a fine or jail, a prohibition on driving anywhere in Canada, a suspension of driver's licence by the Province, and increased insurance, a conviction for impaired driving is by no means certain. Busy police officers make mistakes on the road, at the police station, in the breath room, and at Court. It is the responsibility of your impaired driving lawyer to make sure that the Crown does not convict you without proving every element of the impaired driving offence beyond a reasonable doubt.

The following are some of the issues that impaired driving lawyers litigate in Canada:

Reason for the Stop in Impaired Driving Law

Intent - Mens Rea in Impaired Driving Law

Necessity in Impaired Driving Law

Operating or Driving in Impaired Driving Law

Care or Control in Impaired Driving Law

Motor Vehicle in Impaired Driving Law

Included Offences in Impaired Driving Law

"Impaired" in Impaired Driving Law

Causation of Bodily Harm or Death in Impaired Driving Law

Use of Physical & ASD Tests Prior to RTC in Impaired Driving Law

Physical Tests in Impaired Driving Law

Coutts,Milne,Huff,White in Impaired Driving Law

"Counsel" in Impaired Driving Law

Right to Counsel in Impaired Driving Law

Intoxication During RTC in Impaired Driving Law

Interpreter During RTC in Impaired Driving Law

Privacy During RTC in Impaired Driving Law

Waiver of RTC in Impaired Driving Law

Counsel of Choice RTC in Impaired Driving Law

Information Component RTC in Impaired Driving Law

Right to Silence in Impaired Driving Law

Search or Seizure in Impaired Driving Law

Reasons Given for Arrest in Impaired Driving Law

Reasonable & Probable Grounds in Impaired Driving Law

Demand in Impaired Driving Law

"Forthwith" in Impaired Driving Law

Refusal to Comply with Demand in Impaired Driving Law

"Reasonable Excuse" in Impaired Driving Law

Approved Instrument in Impaired Driving Law

Notice re Certificate of Analysis in Impaired Driving Law

Certificate of Analysis in Impaired Driving Law

Evidence to the Contrary in Impaired Driving Law

Suitable Sample in Impaired Driving Law

Two Tests in Impaired Driving Law

Fifteen Minutes Apart in Impaired Driving Law

As Soon as Practicable in Impaired Driving Law

Two Hour Limit in Impaired Driving Law

Sentence - Impaired Minimum Penalty in Impaired Driving Law

Sentence - Impaired Curative Treatment in Impaired Driving Law

Subsequent Conviction in Impaired Driving Law

Disclosure in Impaired Driving Law

Unreasonable Delay in Impaired Driving Law

Rules and Forms in Impaired Driving Law

Constitutional Validity of Legislation in Impaired Driving Law

Exclusion of Evidence Remedy 24(2) in Impaired Driving Law

No impaired driving lawyer or impaired driving attorney can guarantee success. Your impaired driving lawyer can, however, make sure that you are not convicted without a fight. Even the most hopeless cases sometimes result in an acquittal. Here are some examples of real impaired driving cases and what happened after negotiation and/or trial.

Click the banner for more Canadian impaired driving laws information.

DWI LAWS, D.U.I. Laws, or driving under the influence laws is, however, an important concept used in the United States. For more detailed DWI legal information click on one of the links below:

Alabama IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Alabama   impaired operation in Alabama  Alabama impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in AL AL impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in AL
Alaska IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Alaska   impaired operation in Alaska  Alaska impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in AK AK impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in AK
Alberta IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Alberta   impaired operation in Alberta  Alberta impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in AB AB impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in AB
Arizona IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Arizona   impaired operation in Arizona  Arizona impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in AZ AZ impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in AZ
Arkansas IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Arkansas   impaired operation in Arkansas  Arkansas impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in AR AR impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in AR
British Columbia IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in British Columbia   impaired operation in British Columbia  British Columbia impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in BC BC impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in BC
California IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in California   impaired operation in California  California impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in CA CA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in CA
Colorado IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Colorado   impaired operation in Colorado  Colorado impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in CO CO impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in CO
Connecticut IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Connecticut   impaired operation in Connecticut  Connecticut impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in CT CT impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in CT
Delaware IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Delaware   impaired operation in Delaware  Delaware impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in DE DE impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in DE
District of Columbia IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in District of Columbia   impaired operation in District of Columbia  District of Columbia impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in DC DC impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in DC
England IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in England   impaired operation in England  England impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in EN EN impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in EN
Florida IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Florida   impaired operation in Florida  Florida impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in FL FL impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in FL
Georgia IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Georgia   impaired operation in Georgia  Georgia impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in GA GA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in GA
Hawaii IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Hawaii   impaired operation in Hawaii  Hawaii impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in HI HI impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in HI
Idaho IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Idaho   impaired operation in Idaho  Idaho impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in ID ID impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in ID
Illinois IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Illinois   impaired operation in Illinois  Illinois impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in IL IL impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in IL
Indiana IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Indiana   impaired operation in Indiana  Indiana impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in IN IN impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in IN
Iowa IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Iowa   impaired operation in Iowa  Iowa impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in IA IA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in IA
Kansas IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Kansas   impaired operation in Kansas  Kansas impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in KS KS impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in KS
Kentucky IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Kentucky   impaired operation in Kentucky  Kentucky impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in KY KY impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in KY
Louisiana IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Louisiana   impaired operation in Louisiana  Louisiana impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in LA LA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in LA
Maine IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Maine   impaired operation in Maine  Maine impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in ME ME impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in ME
Manitoba IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Manitoba   impaired operation in Manitoba  Manitoba impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MB MB impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MB
Maryland IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Maryland   impaired operation in Maryland  Maryland impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MD MD impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MD
Massachusetts IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Massachusetts   impaired operation in Massachusetts  Massachusetts impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MA MA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MA
Michigan IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Michigan   impaired operation in Michigan  Michigan impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MI MI impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MI
Minnesota IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Minnesota   impaired operation in Minnesota  Minnesota impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MN MN impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MN
Mississippi IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Mississippi   impaired operation in Mississippi  Mississippi impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MS MS impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MS
Missouri IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Missouri   impaired operation in Missouri  Missouri impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MO MO impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MO
Montana IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Montana   impaired operation in Montana  Montana impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in MT MT impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in MT
Nebraska IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Nebraska   impaired operation in Nebraska  Nebraska impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NE NE impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NE
Nevada IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Nevada   impaired operation in Nevada  Nevada impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NV NV impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NV
New Brunswick IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in New Brunswick   impaired operation in New Brunswick  New Brunswick impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NB NB impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NB
New Hampshire IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in New Hampshire   impaired operation in New Hampshire  New Hampshire impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NH NH impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NH
New Jersey IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in New Jersey   impaired operation in New Jersey  New Jersey impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NJ NJ impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NJ
New Mexico IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in New Mexico   impaired operation in New Mexico  New Mexico impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NM NM impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NM
New York IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in New York   impaired operation in New York  New York impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NY NY impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NY
Newfoundland IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Newfoundland   impaired operation in Newfoundland  Newfoundland impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NF NF impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NF
North Carolina IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in North Carolina   impaired operation in North Carolina  North Carolina impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NC NC impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NC
North Dakota IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in North Dakota   impaired operation in North Dakota  North Dakota impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in ND ND impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in ND
Northwest Territories IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Northwest Territories   impaired operation in Northwest Territories  Northwest Territories impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NT NT impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NT
Nova Scotia IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Nova Scotia   impaired operation in Nova Scotia  Nova Scotia impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NS NS impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NS
Nunavut IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Nunavut   impaired operation in Nunavut  Nunavut impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in NU NU impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in NU
Ohio IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Ohio   impaired operation in Ohio  Ohio impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in OH OH impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in OH
Oklahoma IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Oklahoma   impaired operation in Oklahoma  Oklahoma impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in OK OK impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in OK
Ontario IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Ontario   impaired operation in Ontario  Ontario impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in ON ON impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in ON
Oregon IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Oregon   impaired operation in Oregon  Oregon impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in OR OR impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in OR
Pennsylvania IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Pennsylvania   impaired operation in Pennsylvania  Pennsylvania impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in PA PA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in PA
Prince Edward Island IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Prince Edward Island   impaired operation in Prince Edward Island  Prince Edward Island impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in PE PE impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in PE
Quebec IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Quebec   impaired operation in Quebec  Quebec impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in QC QC impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in QC
Rhode Island IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Rhode Island   impaired operation in Rhode Island  Rhode Island impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in RI RI impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in RI
Saskatchewan IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Saskatchewan   impaired operation in Saskatchewan  Saskatchewan impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in SK SK impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in SK
South Carolina IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in South Carolina   impaired operation in South Carolina  South Carolina impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in SC SC impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in SC
South Dakota IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in South Dakota   impaired operation in South Dakota  South Dakota impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in SD SD impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in SD
Tennessee IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Tennessee   impaired operation in Tennessee  Tennessee impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in TN TN impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in TN
Texas IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Texas   impaired operation in Texas  Texas impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in TX TX impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in TX
Utah IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Utah   impaired operation in Utah  Utah impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in UT UT impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in UT
Vermont IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Vermont   impaired operation in Vermont  Vermont impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in VT VT impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in VT
Virginia IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Virginia   impaired operation in Virginia  Virginia impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in VA VA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in VA
Washington State IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Washington State   impaired operation in Washington State  Washington State impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in WA WA impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in WA
West Virginia IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in West Virginia   impaired operation in West Virginia  West Virginia impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in WV WV impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in WV
Wisconsin IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Wisconsin   impaired operation in Wisconsin  Wisconsin impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in WI WI impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in WI
Wyoming IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Wyoming   impaired operation in Wyoming  Wyoming impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in WY WY impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in WY
Yukon IMPAIRED DRIVING  impaired driving in Yukon   impaired operation in Yukon  Yukon impaired care or control  impaired driving laws in YT YT impaired operation laws laws about impaired driving in YT